The folklore of the Romanians
The folklore or the folk culture represents the material culture and
the spiritual one created by the mass of people. The folklore contains:
-the literary folk
-the musical folk
-the choreographic folklore (folk dances)
-folk art; textures, seams, architecture and painting on the glass.
The literary folklore occupies a special place because of the specifics
traits: the oral character; anonymous, collective, folk and national.
Our literal folklore contains epic, lyrical and dramatic work like;
the fairy-tales, the legends, the folk theater. All these species of
folklore put in a beautiful light the richness of the soul of the Romanian
people, the power of creation their taste for the beautiful things,
the attitude in front of the life and between other traits of character
the talent has a very important place. The anonymous folklore has served
as an important source of inspirations for the works of many writers.
The best culture people, who have gathered
folklore from the nations and have published them; have bee;
Simion Florea Marin, G. Dem. Teodorescu, Petre Ispirescu.
Poets and writers like:Mihai Eminescu, Lucian Blaga, Vasile Alecsandri
have expressed with sincerity and enthusiasm the admiration towards
the true artistic treasures. Beside the literal folklore, musical and
choreographic( folk dances) exist the folk art too. By the textures
and seines made by the people, the national costume were born which
are characteristics to every are of the country. In Muntenia the national
costume for a woman is mode of a shirt ("ie") sew very nice
and ("fote" or "zodii") two aprons for the from
and the back (mode of wool) colored in red, back, sewed with butterflies.
On the head they put ("sterfar") a headkerchig. The man wear
trousers ("itari") tight or crease long until the knees or
the ankles, a long shirt crease, striped with raw silk, with wide sleeves,
over the waist a wide girdle with bells with buttons. The fur cap completes
the national costume and on the feet some handicraft leather shoes.
Dressed in the national costumes characteristics to the area from where
they come children and grown men go with the Christmas Carol. On the
Christmas Eve we have special songs: "Florile dalbe" , "Steaua"
on the Christmas Day.
The waits receive apples, knock-shopped loaf of bread and nuts. On the
New Years Eve we go with the "Plugusorul" , "The Bear"
thats depends of the area where we live.
All these traditions and costumes very old have been a source of inspiration
for most of the poets and writers who have put at our disposal very
significant literal works.
Andrei Longin, 7th grade A
Eforie Nord School
Coordinator Iuliana Neacsu-Romanian teacher
The Romanian folklore
Our foiklore is special and it makes you understand everything. It's
more melodic than a melody, but this without realizing it. Our folkore
is tender, ironical, joyful and serious. When we say folklore we understand
the totality of all artistically creations of Romanian customs or
popular traditions. A very beautiful custom in our country is painting
the eggs on the day of Easter. Here in Romania we also have many popular
costumes typical to each region. In the region of Maramures the material
that is used for the popular costumes are cloth, cotton and wool. The
women's costumes have a sober appearance because of the cut and very beautiful
colors. The shirts have a square cut all around the neck, and the sleeves
are a little waved. the embroidered ornaments are all around the neck,
on the shoulders and sleeves. Over the dress they put an apron
knitted with wool. The women wear kerchiefs on their heads, that they
wear daily or in holy days. The men's costumes are made of cloth and wool.
The chemise is very long. At the waist the chemise is tight with a belt.
also wear a sheepskin coat embroidered. The cap is made of felt or lamb's
wool. Both the man and women wear laced moccasins. The kids costumes are
identical to the grown-ups costumes. The popular costumes are proof of
our existence in Romania.
6th grade C
Eforie Nord School, Romania
Coordinator Iuliana Neacsu-Romanian Teacher